Ravenna today. The Club at Ravenna

THE 10 BEST Things to Do in Ravenna

Ravenna today

Adjoining the cathedral is an octagonal baptistery containing fine Byzantine mosaics from the 5th century. Its building technique is Western, but its Latin cross layout, with barrel vaults and a central dome, has Eastern. In ad 402 the danger of barbarian invasions compelled the Western Roman emperor to move his court from Rome to Ravenna. It was originally an Arian cathedral but became a Catholic church in 570. The exarchate was broken up by revolts and invasions after 726. According to tradition, it was occupied by the and later by the.

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Ravenna

Ravenna today

Ravenna, city, regione, northeastern Italy. As the capital city of the Western Roman Empire for 250 years and a major port of entry for the Eastern Empire, Ravenna reflects in its art and architecture a fusion of architectural forms with Byzantine mosaics and other decoration. They depict Old and New Testament figures, as well as contemporary Byzantine rulers and Catholic ecclesiastics. The church also has finely executed mosaics depicting processions of male and female saints. In 1441 was able to establish direct rule over Ravenna, but in 1509 the city was returned to the.

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THE 10 BEST Things to Do in Ravenna

Ravenna today

Its principal enterprises include petroleum and natural-gas refining, the production of fertilizers and rubber, and the processing of oilseeds. The city is on a low-lying plain near the of the Ronco and Montone rivers, 6 miles 10 km inland from the , with which it is connected by a canal. The church was begun by Bishop Ecclesius under the Ostrogothic queen Amalasuntha d. . Nothing remains of the ancient Roman structures in Ravenna or of its harbour at Classis. This octagonal church, built of marble and capped by a lofty terra-cotta dome, is one of the finest examples of and decoration in western Europe.

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The Club at Ravenna

Ravenna today

Thereafter it was subject to papal rule with only minor interruptions. In the early 7th century the area administered included a diagonal strip of territory extending from the area north of Ravenna to south of Rome, the southern extremities of the peninsula, and various coastal enclaves. The oldest church in Ravenna, the cathedral, was originally built in 370—390 but was destroyed in 1733 and immediately rebuilt. About 751 Ravenna itself fell to the Lombards, who in turn lost it to the Franks in 754 under the leadership of the Short. As the capital of the Exarchate of Ravenna, the city was the administrative centre of Byzantine government in Italy. It came under control in 191 bc and soon became important because it possessed one of the few good port sites on the northeastern coast of Italy.

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RavennaToday

Ravenna today

The Church of , the masterpiece of in Ravenna, was completed during the reign of the emperor Justinian. This article was most recently revised and updated by , Research Editor. Of the monuments dating from the rule of the Arian Ostrogothic king d. This church also has impressive capitals in its nave and a fine apse depicting the Transfiguration of Christ. Theuderic made Ravenna the capital of the Ostrogothic kingdom, but in 540 Ravenna was occupied by the great general and was subsequently made an imperial exarchate.

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RavennaToday

Ravenna today

As such, Ravenna was embellished with magnificent monuments. The Basilica of , begun in 535 and consecrated in 549, has a distinctive round campanile 870—878 that is the earliest example in Italy of the decorative use of majolica. The city was also raised to the status of an archbishopric in 438. From the era of Venetian dominion there remain various palaces and a fortress, the Rocca Brancaleona. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. With the fall of the Western Empire in 476, it became the capital of the first barbarian ruler of Italy, reigned 476—493 , who in turn surrendered it to the Ostrogothic king reigned 493—526 in 493. Francis San Francesco has a small annex containing the tomb of the Italian poet.

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